Posted in Computer Forensics

The Law and Computer Forensics

At a basic level, computer forensics is the analysis of information and data contained within and created with computer systems and computing devices, typically in the interest of figuring out what happened, when it happened, how it happened, and who was involved in it.

It is also defined as the preservation, identification, extraction, interpretation, and documentation of computer evidence, to include the rules of evidence, legal processes, integrity of evidence, factual reporting of the information found, and providing expert opinion in a court of law or other legal and/or administrative proceeding as to what was found.

How Computer Forensics work:

It follows the standard digital forensic process of acquisition by isolating the computer in question to make sure it cannot be accidentally contaminated; analysis of data by making a copy of the hard drive and reporting finally as required.

In computer forensics, there are three types of data that we are concerned with i.e. active, archival, and latent data.Active data is the information that you and I can see. Data files, programs, and files used by the operating system. This is the easiest type of data to obtain; Archival data is data that has been backed up and stored. This could consist of backup tapes, CD’s, floppies, or entire hard drives to cite a few examples; Latent (also called ambient) data is the information that one typically needs specialized tools to get at. An example would be information that has been deleted or partially overwritten.

How it is helpful: Computer Forensics can be for the purpose of performing a root cause analysis of a computer system that had failed or is not operating properly; It is used to find out who is responsible for misuse of computer systems; It helps to know who committed a crime using a computer system or against a Computer system.

How it can be improved: One of the most important aspects of a successful electronic investigations program is establishing proper incident response procedures. Without these procedures, organizations run the risk of losing critical evidence, as well as jeopardizing criminal prosecution.

According to the book Incident Response: Investigating Computer Crime, a good incident response procedure can be broken down into eleven steps: Planning and preparation, Incident Detection, Initial response, Response strategy formulation, Forensic backups, Investigation, Security measure implementation, Network monitoring, Recovery, and Reporting.

What are the unmet things in Computer Forensics?

Data in computer forensics has not been backed up anywhere apart from the computer system itself and is therefore at a risk of being lost if at all there is theft of the computer system components. The backup methods can include email notifications every time the system data is modified.

Since 2012, it is clear that the future of the legal profession is in innovation and technology. We are happy that a number of Lawyers and others in the legal profession, not only in Uganda, but around the world, have come to realize that indeed, the future of law lies in innovation and technology and that only by harnessing technology shall we enable universal access to justice for everyone.

To those in the legal profession who fail to adapt the use of technology in their practice, well, there’s no two ways about it, you might very soon get buried in the digital underground, like typesetters at the dawn of word processing.

Conclusion

The information contained in this document covers the basics, and really doesn’t do full justice to all facets of computer forensics. I hope however that I have a better understanding of what computer forensics entails and how it can be important to Uganda and the world at large in criminal investigations and security. But it is not good to rely on Computer Data for foolproof because different Computer security specialists have developed anti-forensic applications that can hide any required information for criminal investigations.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

JosephSemuju

JOSEPH SEMUJU

Joseph Semuju leads the programming team at Crossroads Digital Multimedia Limited. He is a native Ugandan and has worked for the Crossroads Digital Multimedia Limited as a 3D Computer Animator for the last two years. He received a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science with a second class – upper division from Makerere University. Joseph is someone who is constantly on a mission to keep things running smooth, fast, and in a more automated fashion. No tech question scares him; if he does not know the answer, he takes time to find it. He is detail oriented, thrive on efficiency, and ready to impact a positive change in Africa and the rest of the world through research, writing, and active citizenship.

Posted in Others

Law and Literature

“A society’s law book should, in right and reason, prove, when we open it, far the best and finest work of its whole literature.” – Plato

From the old Greek tragedian Sophocles to Shakespeare, Dickens and present day lawful playwright Grisham, stories about law have intrigued perusers and offered an untouchable’s perspective of the productivity of equity framework. The law and literature development which started in the primary portion of the twentieth century has added to the improvement of the idea of the interdisciplinary association amongst law and literature.Instructed as a comparative course in numerous scholarly settings, the law and literature educational modules was produced by individuals from the scholarly world and the lawful calling who wanted to make law a more humanistic venture.

Some famous and also widely praised artistic works by conspicuous journalists like Shakespeare, Kafka, Dickens, Camus, have managed the subject of law. Practically every watchful peruser would realize that these scholars were affected by the lawful arrangement of their own time and knew about its effect both the individual and social level. It is inappropriate to imagine that they took law as the topic of their novel or play just to recount an intriguing story. Truth be told, through skilful plot improvement their perspectives about the then legitimate framework are communicated. What is most intriguing here is that they were impacted by the law and have unquestionably affected the law too.

Shakespeare’s works contain a surprising amount of law terms and they are utilized precisely. The utilization of lawful language in Hamlet is especially noteworthy. Be that as it may, it is The Merchant of Venice, a disputable story of a Jewish money lender, who inspects topics of equity and the inclination of lawful frameworks.

Dickens’ famous novel Bleak House is especially known for the author’s limit assault on the flaws of the British legal framework. Dickens’ involvement of filling in as a law representative in London proved to be useful in uncovering and delineating the law’s flaws so strikingly. The plot concerns a long-running fight in court that happens between two gatherings guaranteeing the legacy of an extensive property, a fight which at last costs both sides beyond a reasonable doubt. Many trust that Dickens’ unforgiving depiction of the long Chancery framework cleared a path for the changes that occurred in the 1870s.

Tracing the relationship between law and literature we can go back to the period right after U.S. Civil War when law was seen less as a humankind and more as a science, and the exemplary works of Western literature assumed a lesser part in the instruction of individuals from the legitimate calling.

In 1908 the association amongst law and literature was reconsidered by the overwhelming lawful researcher John h. Wigmore, who noticed the predominance of trials and lawful topics in a number of the world’s popular books. In 1925 Justice Benjamin n. Cardozo, of the U.S. Preeminent Court, distributed in the Yale Law Review a noteworthy article titled “Law and Literature,” which analysed the scholarly styles of legal sentiments.

In the 1970s, the thoughts of Wigmore and Cardozo shaped the establishment of the advanced law and literature development. Amid this period law was generally seen as a near-sighted; decide arranged employment that needed fundamental human qualities, for example, sensitivity and sympathy. A developing number of law understudies, lawyers, and judges got to be distinctly disillusioned with the restricted point of view of their calling, and started investigating different fields of learning for edification. In the meantime, secondary teachers, school educators, and graduate understudies started to move from the humanities to the legitimate calling looking for more handy work openings.

Presently numerous conspicuous colleges offer literature courses to law understudies and law courses to literature understudies. Subsequently law understudies and lawyers are better outfitted with talk abilities, while literature understudies and journalists are increasing more aptitude at consolidating law, an essential piece of social life, into literature.

As of late, in the worldwide point of view, law has extended its circle and in the process issues like expulsion, mass slaughtering, atrocities, discretionary power, and unlawful occupations by remote armed forces have gone to the fore. Every one of these issues is the topics of numerous abstract works by various authors, which can help legitimate specialists to discover approaches to consider and manage them. Literature likewise helps in building a superior society by showing the outcomes of perpetrating violations and the horrendous states of a criminal life.

To close, the blending of literature and law can give us any desire for having a lawful framework touched by mankind. It might help authors to create literature with more experience of life and society. In the meantime, we require not overlook that law is a piece of our way of life, not a minor specialized review and it has a great deal to offer to literature too. As literature is a storage facility of option dreams of law and society, the more literature comes into the musings of a lawyer or a law understudy, the better is the possibility of law in a general public paying due respect to human qualities and feelings, a quality which many individuals trust law genuinely needs. In like manner, literature ought to be more worried with the regular issues of life and a genuine impression of society in the wide view. The circumstances request that authors don’t simply extend a progression of non-existent pictures playing in their psyches, and law can genuinely help literature take care of this demand.



ABOUT THE AUTHOR

prerna-deep

PRERNA DEEP

Prerna Deep is currently a first-year student at Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi.  She has completed English Honours from Miranda House, DU. Literature gave this forever bibliophile the wings to follow her heart and Law gave her the strength to believe that she too can change the world. She considers receiving an award for her essay on ‘Women and Law in India’ from Mr Ram Jethmalani a treasure. When not writing she’s probably binge-watching sitcoms.  She believes nothing describes her best than Virginia Woolf’s words:
“I have a deeply hidden and inarticulate desire for something beyond the daily life.”