Throughout our life, we may face multiple situations which most of the time require our effort to get solved. Have you ever asked yourself what happens when we cannot provide the effort which it is required to get things done?
There exist institutions and concrete laws which can provide a helping hand in cases where you cannot go through the difficulties and challenges. More to the point, when it comes to children, the situation becomes even more complicated and it needs to be more specific about the laws and policies that each country puts.
Even if there exist laws and concrete policies about children rights and their welfare, it tends to not always get implemented, for instance, the example of Albanian children facing increasing inequality, social exclusion and discrimination, violence, abuse, domestic violence, and lack of access to quality services (health and education).
Albania has ratified the United Nations conventions and protocols, which emphasize that children enjoy full rights and need special attention as well as protection from the family as well as the state institutions. Increasing the role of local government units in assessing the needs of children in relation to the realization of their rights, and poverty alleviation by reforming the system of social services for children, and harmonizing policies on children’s rights through the functioning of mechanisms for the protection of children’s rights at central and local level, they can make the implementation of multiple laws and policies effective.
The worst forms of child labor have been systematically integrated into the main pillars of government policies such as the National Strategy for Development and Integration, the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) , and other sectoral strategies such as the National Strategy for Children, the National Strategy for Service Development Social Strategy, National Strategy on Employment and Vocational Training, National Strategy on Child Trafficking, etc. The areas of intervention are child survival, child protection, child development, Involvement and participation of children.
Over the years, policymakers have been busy with addressing the phenomenon of child labor by ratifying international conventions and instruments, such as: UN Convention “On the Rights of the Child”, February 1992; ILO Convention, No.138 “On Minimum Age of Work”, February 1998; ILO Convention, No.182, “On the Heaviest Forms of Child Labor”, August 2001; UN Convention “Against Organized Crime “, October 2002; UN Protocol “On the Prevention, Suppression and Punishment of Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children”, supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, August 2002; etc.
Rays of hope, however, are already on the horizon. Countries are taking actions to bring down the statistics of child labor, the topic has been gathering increasing attention from the authorities, and societies are getting more informed about the negative effects of child labor and bad working conditions.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Anxhela Bruçi is a young writer, she has published two books related to social issues. She has finished her Bachelor studies for Administration and Social Policies. She aims to follow a Master of Science for Social Services in Criminal Justice. She aspires to advocate for human rights and to motivate young people to contribute for a better and a safer society.