In the words of the legendary physicist, Albert Einstein “The strength of the Constitution lies entirely in the determination of each citizen to defend it”. It is us, the mere human souls of this world, that need to be the sole proprietor of every law binding constitution and its legitimacy. Though the government bodies are elected and run for redeeming the nation of its chaotic grievances, the judicial system is the neural network that maintains the livelihood of any living territory. Albeit the world’s partition on the evolutionary dogma of the origin of life, the unanimity for honoring the judicial system remains engraved in everyone’s mind and soul.
- Social Stigmas
India has been honored with its due respect since the early 90s when the nation welcomed the digital technology era under the heartfelt guidance of Late Rajeev Gandhi. Since then the country has witnessed an eye-popping statistics drop in various societal discriminations as well. India was rendered with the orthodox mindset of the cases like untouchability, caste-ism, gender differentiation, purging of minorities, & child marriage since before the time of independence.
The issue of untouchability and caste-ism was so pronounced and the practicing results were so inhumane that the Father of the Nation-Mahatma Gandhi- came up with the term Harijan for the socially oppressed class which plainly translated to ‘God’s fellow’. Despite the life-consuming efforts, this stereotypical thinking prevailed amongst the countrymen and it was only in 1955 that the Untouchability Offenses Act was passed for safeguarding the civil rights of the socially oppressed class of India.
Battling the social stigma on somewhat the same ground, the Indian transgender community managed to acquire their deserving status in the society following the 2014 Supreme Court verdict of identifying the kinnar or hijra as the third gender section of India.
- Marriage & Family
The legitimacy regarding marriage and family growth has remained yet another challenge for the nation and the country is still recovering from the regularly reported marital/family mishaps. Starting from the legal marriage age to the domestic violence cases, the judicial system has been acting beyond its enabled capacities & resources to ensure a healthy and prosperous marital/individual life to the Indians.
Following the illegitimate child marriage practices and subsequent exploitation of the underage children led the government and many activists to speak up for this evil ceremony. Following the marriage acts of 1955, the judiciaries of India specified the legal marriage for the bride and the groom to prevent the violation of child rights.
In addition, to rid the society of other marriage and family mishaps, various laws and acts subdued under the Indian Penal Code liberalized a quarter of women’s right with the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005. The year of 2017 witnessed a historical reform where the legalization of the Triple Talaq Bill helped a huge chunk of the Muslim minority population to exhale a sigh of relief.
- Child Protection Rights
Preventing the naïve mind and soul of the children to shape their life into a better future, the Child Labor Act of 1986 brought a ray of hope for millions of exploited souls across the nation. The bill was aimed at providing a better living platform to the underage section of the society, preventing them from various inhumane treatments and wiping out the child labor practice completely. Following the age limit constraints of the act, the bill was amended in the year 2016 as the Child and Adolescent Labor Act to safeguard the rights of individuals ranging from 14-18 years.
The POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Abuse Offence) Act 2012 was formulated in order to address the issue of child abuse and sexual exploitation with strict action course. The past decade has witnessed numerous inhuman acts of child molestation and murder cases following which the judicial system has worked breathlessly under the IPC & POCSO Acts to bring the sexual predators under the law enforcement custody and serve them with the deserved punishment.
- International Relations
The international relations law is probably the most evolving law to be acted upon on a daily basis. Be it the trade affairs or the citizenship provident or even the medical treatment cases, international relations play an omnipotent role for each nation with their latent yet pronounced economic influence. No country can run a solo business in this era of globalization and prosper with at the same time. North Korea- potential in scientific advancements and cultural heritage could have had one of the most prosperous growth rates in the world. But the solidarity and the ignorance of the nation’s governing bodies have made the major economic forums of the world to cut its ties bringing the citizen’s life almost to a standstill.
Thankfully India is blessed with some of the most efficient trade and international relation laws in its constitution for the nation to maintain pleasant work-relationship with its peers. The GATT (General Agreement on Tariff and Trade, 1947) & the World Trade Organization trade arrangement are the major two players of the international trade market in India.
Be it the BC timeline or the AD running period, history has witnessed the very law establishment and its practice outcomes from ancient Romanians to the modern AI creators. Whether it is the Babylonian laws or the Draconian constitution, the legal system has been evolving as per the needs and priorities of the nation with the whole and sole aim of serving justice. Although the validity and moral code of conduct of the ancient constitutional laws are debatable, it is established beyond the shadow of a doubt that the existence of legal system has been reigning since the beginning of the times. From nature to nurture, every element of this world follows a centralized system.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Crystal J. Pace
Crystal J. Pace is a Professional legal writer worked with many companies. She is currently associated with West Coast Trial Lawyers, Car Injury Law Firms. She loves to share her views regarding law.